Audi has now announced the end of the combustion engine. Regardless of whether you think it's great or bad: In the future, bans on internal combustion engines will be rampant around the world. An overview noted by Harald Kaiser.
The air for the old technology is getting thinner. In 2020 there were around 15 percent fewer patent applications for gasoline and diesel engines than in 2019. So the direction is clear: there is less research on the good old combustion engines and, soon, probably no research at all. This can also be seen from the fact that Mercedes, BMW and, more recently, Audi no longer want to design new combustion engines. Although they will continue to offer combustion engines, they will no longer develop new ones. The background to this is the increasingly strict emissions legislation and the resulting trend towards electric drives. Audi boss Markus Duesmann has explained: “The EU plans for an even stricter Euro 7 emissions standard are a huge technical challenge with little benefit for the environment at the same time. This extremely restricts the combustion engine. We will no longer develop a new internal combustion engine, but rather adapt our existing internal combustion engines to new emission guidelines. ”Audi wants to offer 20 electric models in five years. After the large SUV e-tron and the expensive sports car e-tron GT, there is now the small SUV Q4 e-tron, which is supposed to be affordable for many people and the entry into e-mobility at Audi. This model is also intended to comply with the EU limit values associated with high fines.
The end of the banished is heralded everywhere
More and more nations around the world are planning to ban vehicles with combustion engines. To this end, nine European countries recently launched an initiative against the EU Commission. The Stuttgart trade magazine "auto, motor und sport" recently published a compilation by the management consultancy Berylls Strategy Advisors showing the times at which bans are planned:
Spain: Parliament has passed an energy transition law. By 2023, all Spanish cities with more than 50.000 inhabitants are to set up zones in which traffic with particularly climate-damaging vehicles is restricted. From 2040, combustion engine vehicles will no longer be sold in the country and from 2050 such vehicles will no longer be allowed to drive on public roads.
Netherlands: The country has allegedly asked the EU Commission in a letter to name an exit date for the sale of gasoline and diesel cars. In the unofficial paper are also Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Greece, Malta, Ireland, Lithuania and Luxembourg named as the sender. On top of that, the states are in favor of a better charging infrastructure for emission-free transport and significantly stricter CO2 emission standards. The example of Denmark shows how difficult it is for an EU country to enforce a combustion ban. As early as 2018, the government in Copenhagen announced that it would ban diesel and gasoline engines from 2030. But she had to withdraw her plans because they violate EU law. Since then, the Scandinavians have dared to make several further advances: The EU must change its rules and allow member states to issue a ban on combustion. An EU-wide ban would be Plan A. But if that didn't work, the rules should at least allow individual states to issue bans on their own. According to the Berylls evaluation, Denmark has taken up its 2030 target again. Norway is planning to ban combustion engines even more rigorously (as early as 2025). And some other EU countries (Ireland, Slovenia and Sweden) pursue the same goal.
Great Britain: Immediately after Brexit, the British government announced at the beginning of February 2020 that it would bring the ban on combustion engines in new cars from 2040 to 2035. The ban should apply to gasoline, diesel and now also hybrid models with a combustion engine on board. Prime Minister Boris Johnson recently announced in a column in the Financial Times that the ban would be brought forward even further - to 2030. "Now is the time to plan a green recovery with high-quality jobs that will give people the security that they help make the country cleaner, greener and more beautiful, ”wrote Johnson. In 2019, the UK was the first G7 country to set a net zero emissions target by 2050. In addition to the ban on the sale of gasoline and diesel vehicles, Johnson also wants to increase British offshore wind energy from around ten gigawatts (GW) to 2030 GW by 40. The head of government also pledged up to 500 million pounds for projects that test the use of hydrogen for heating and cooking at home, among other things. The plans are widely welcomed by the industry.
Scotland: The ban on the sale of pure combustion engines will apply from 2032. This also includes hybrid vehicles without an external charging connection, as are currently still heavily brought onto the market by Asian manufacturers in particular. Only pure electric vehicles (BEV) and plug-in hybrids (PHEV) should then be eligible for approval.
Thailand: From 2035 onwards, no new cars with internal combustion engines should come onto the market. The country also wants to develop into a Southeast Asian center for the production of electric cars. In addition, Thailand is tightening the speed of the phase-out of combustion engines: by 2030, 50 percent of all new cars are to have a purely electric drive - previously, 30 percent was the goal. At the same time, the Florida-based electrical infrastructure company Evlomo is investing around 50 million dollars (currently the equivalent of around 41 million euros) in Thailand to set up a DC charging network together with the Australian charging station manufacturer Tritium and the Chinese energy service provider East Group.
USA: After California, Massachusetts and New Jersey exit combustion engines as early as 2035, Washington state is now pushing ahead. The state government has now decided to sell off combustion engines from 2030 - in less than nine years no new cars with combustion engines will be allowed to come onto the market there. Washington is thus leaving California, which is considered progressive in environmental policy, by five years.
As a bang for the US auto industry, GM's recently announced exit from internal combustion engine production for 2035 as well - depending on the exit deadlines set by other US states, it might even be worthwhile for the largest US automaker to bring this deadline forward. With the exception of security vehicles, California is already no longer ordering government vehicles with classic internal combustion engines.
Canada: The North American country does not want to implement a ban on new vehicles with internal combustion engines until 2050. However, individual provinces do not want to wait that long. Canada's most populous province, Quebec, has announced that it intends to ban the sale of new passenger cars with pure combustion engines as early as 2035. The province of British Columbia, located in western Canada, wants to implement such a requirement from 2040.
Egypt: A combustion engine is planned for 2040.
Israel: The time has come in 2030.
Japan: The Asian island nation wants to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to zero by 2050; An important intermediate step should be a ban on the sale of new combustion engines introduced 20 years earlier.
Singapore and Sri Lanka: A ban is under discussion from 2030.
China: The central government has decreed that combustion cars will only be banned from the year 2060. According to Berylls, China is realigning its economy with the new five-year plan and will continue to give the internal combustion engine and synthetic fuels, but also the fuel cell, opportunities to be part of mobility.
Environmental facts are created not only in states, but also in various metropolises. Paris:A complete diesel driving ban will apply in France's capital from 2024, with petrol driving bans following in 2030. Amsterdam: According to the “Clean Air Action Plan”, the Dutch capital wants to lock out all petrol and diesel vehicles from 2030 if possible. This also applies to motorcycles and scooters. As early as 2025, the A10 ring road is expected to be banned from driving taxis, buses, vans and scooters with combustion engines, and five years later also for private cars and motorcycles. The planned bans affect not only the locals, but also tourists. Even on the holiday island of Mallorca, which is popular with Germans, the combustion lights are red: new diesel cars will no longer be allowed there from 2025, petrol will be on from 2035. This also applies to the rental car industry, which has been stipulating continuously increasing quotas for electric cars since 2020. According to the Beryl Survey, 16 million vehicles and 35,9 million citizens are affected by the lockouts in Europe.
As early as June 2019, the US metropolis San Francisco published an "Electric Vehicle Roadmap" in which completely emission-free traffic in the Californian city is aimed for by the year 2040 and intermediate targets for 2025 and 2030 are set. By 2025, half of all new car registrations should be electric cars. From 2030, only vehicles with electric drives are to be re-registered. Before that already had Los Angeles announced with the plan for the “Green New Deal”, among other things, to move local public transport, but also delivery traffic and private cars into focus. The mayor's plan provides for radical cuts: as early as 2025, i.e. in four years, 25 percent of the cars in Los Angeles should be purely electric, and in 2050 only electric vehicles will be allowed. Public transport is to be revolutionized much earlier: only electric taxis from 2028, also completely locally emission-free school buses from 2028, from 2035 all delivery traffic in the city must be emission-free.